Ice—cubes, blocks, etc.
Kosher salt (optional)
Eye droppers or pipettes
Colorations® Liquid Watercolor™ or food coloring (red, yellow, blue)
Sensory tub or water/sand table
Small containers/cups to hold the salt and coloring
- Freeze water in a variety of sizes and shapes of empty containers—plastic bowls, jello molds, cardboard milk containers, ice cube trays, etc.
- Empty the ice shapes and ice cubes into the sensory tub or water table,
- Place small cups of salt and rock salt in the tub.
- Place small cups of Colorations® Liquid Watercolor™ in tub. Add a pipette or eye dropper to each cup.
- Have children sprinkle salt and rock salt on the ice shapes. Encourage them to add ice cubes to the larger ice shapes. As the salt melts the ice, the ice cubes and ice pieces will stick to each other creating a unique “sculpture.”
- Children then use the pipettes to drop the Colorations® Liquid Watercolor™ into the cracks and holes created by the rock salt and salt.
- Remember to take a photo of the ice sculpture before it melts away!
Learning Outcomes/Desired Results
- Cognitive Development–Science—Cause and Effect–as you discuss the chemical reaction that ice has when salt is sprinkled on it. Salt lowers the freezing point of ice, causing it to melt.
- Cognitive Development–Science—Cause and Effect—solids transforming into liquids.
- Cognitive Development—Science—Cause and Effect—mixing primary colors (red, yellow, blue) you make the secondary colors (orange, green, and purple).
- Physical Development—Fine Motor Skills—using small muscles (pincher grasp) in fingers to squeeze the bulb of the pipette or eye dropper and to pick up grains of salt and chunks of rock salt.
- Physical Development—Fine Motor Skills—hand-eye coordination—hands and eyes working together to accomplish a task—using fingers to manipulate pipette with color and squirting colors into salt crevices.
- Cognitive Development—Problem Solving and Critical Thinking—some children will have difficulty in figuring out how to get the color into the pipette and then onto the ice. Handling the eye dropper will be a challenge, so they should be shown how to use it and encouraged to keep trying until they succeed.
- Language Development–Speaking–as children talk excitedly about what they see happening.
- Encourages creativity and persistence.
- Social/Emotional Development–is fostered as this is an open-ended activity with no right or wrong way to do this activity. It promotes children’s self-esteem.
Discount School Supply® Product Recommendations:
Colorations® Liquid Watercolor™ – set of 18 8 0z bottles (LW18)
Six Paint Cups in a Base (PNTCPS)
Super Safe Plastic Droppers (12SSD)
Plastic Eyedroppers – set of 12 (EYEDROP1)
Medium Best Value Sand & Water Activity Table (LWTAB)
Sand & Water Activity Tubs – set of 4 (TUBS)